|We hear it all the time, when spanking is mentioned. Someone steps forward and says something
"Well, I don't see what all the fuss is about. I was spanked, and I'm fine. We all know that sometimes
spanking is necessary for solving problems with kids. And since it's both necessary and harmless, it should be
allowed and even encouraged."
At face value, this seems to be an airtight case; a perfectly logical justification of spanking as part of
the necessary discipline of children. And a lot of people see it that way. But is it really so logical? Is
spanking necessary? And is it as harmless as so many believe it to be?
Let's examine the argument:
- "I was spanked." (fact)
- "I'm fine." (opinion)
- "Sometimes spanking is necessary for solving problems with kids." (false assumption)
- "Since it's both necessary and harmless, it should be allowed and even encouraged." (illogical
Now let's consider a similar argument that seems to justify smoking:
- "George Burns smoked all his life from his teenage years on." (fact)
- "He was in reasonably good health all his life and lived to be 100." (fact)
- "Sometimes smoking is necessary for coping with life's problems." (false assumption)
- "It should be allowed and even encouraged." (illogical conclusion)
This analogy should help to make it clear that the spanking argument, like the one on smoking, is based on
false assumptions and leads to illogical conclusions. Some children, like some smokers, are less affected than
others because of a natural emotional resiliency, just as Mr. Burns must have had physical resilience. Some
children, like some smokers, are less harmed than others because of mitigating factors, such as the presence
of other adults who treat them with love and care. To the extent that a spanked child is really
"fine", it is in spite of, not because of, the punishments they have received. Mr. Burns must
have had mitigating factors too. Perhaps his strict regimen of daily exercise helped him to fare better than
other smokers, or perhaps he inherited a strong constitution. And research shows that laughter can be an
important healer, and that many professional comedians live long lives.
For many reasons, George Burns was one of the survivors among frequent smokers. And for many reasons, there
are also "survivors" of spanking. But we can never know just how much happier and more fulfilled
they might have been had they been gently guided instead of being punished - any more than we can know just
how much healthier Mr. Burns might have been had he never smoked a cigarette or a cigar. Would he have lived
even longer, entertaining more people and writing more of his delightful books? Would he have brought joy,
laughter, charm and wisdom to yet another generation? Sadly, we will never know.
Like smoking, spanking is not only harmful, it is entirely unnecessary, because there are far more
effective and emotionally healthy alternatives. And these alternatives work in the long-term (which spanking
does not) because they establish a pattern of good behavior that is motivated by the simple, genuine desire to
reciprocate love. As Dr. Elliott Barker has written, "Kids who have their needs met early by loving
parents ... are subjected totally and thoroughly to the most effective form of 'discipline' conceivable:
don't do what you don't want them to do because they love you so much!"
Behavior that is based on fear can last only until the child is old enough not to fear defying the parent.
Punishment builds anger and resentment within the child that will inevitably be expressed at a future time
(angry teenagers do not fall from the sky). In contrast, behavior that is based on mutual love and trust will
last through all the years of a child's life, and through the entire length of the parent-child relationship.
There is little that is more rewarding for a parent than the enjoyment of an enduring, loving and close tie
with their child over many years.
Given all of this, let's revise the spanking argument:
- I was spanked.
- I'm fine, but I wish I were happier and more productive, and better able to love and trust others.
- Since spanking is both unnecessary and harmful, it should never be allowed. Our government should ban
this harmful practice, as have
over 25 countries around the world.
Spanking, like all other forms of punishment, such as time-out and so-called logical consequences, can only
bring about temporary and superficially "good" behavior based on threats and fear. As John Holt
reminded us years ago, "When we make a child afraid, we stop learning dead in its tracks."
Gentle, loving, and respectful guidance is the only truly effective way to help a child to grow and develop
to his full potential as a loving and trusting adult. Spanking is unnecessary, harmful, disrespectful, and
unfair. Let's stop doing it!